No. 63. TRANSPORT AND ECONOMY: CONTRIBUTION, TRENDS AND PROSPECTS IN GREECE WITH EMPHASIS ON SURFACE TRANSPORT (in Greek)

Published in REPORTS

T. Tsekeris, E. Tsouma. 2010. | ISBN: 978-960-341-092-8

 

The transport sector plays intertemporally a crucial role for the development of the national economy, reduction of inequalities among regions and strengthening of their competitive advantages. The domestic and international economic environment nowadays makes even more necessary the determination of effective procedures for the planning and management of passenger and freight transport systems. In these systems, the requirements for safe, fast, reliable, relatively low cost and environmentally friendly movement of users and goods are considered as high-priority objectives for the viability and productivity of firms, sustainable regional growth and territorial cohesion of the country.

 

This book provides a comprehensive overview and interpretation of current developments pertaining to the relationship between transport and economy. Special emphasis is given to the surface (rail and, particularly, road) transport categories, taking into account their macroeconomic dimension and policy targets set at the national, European and international level of decision-making in the given sector as well as the energy conservation, environmental protection and territorial development. Several policy measures are proposed to improve the contribution of surface transport to the whole sector, the regional and national aggregate economic performance, social equity and firm efficiency, and diminish negative externalities to the environment, economy and society.

 

The findings signify the need for a more fair and efficient allocation of public investments at both the regional and sectoral levels, in favor of non-road infrastructure and services and combined transport operations. More equitable and efficient schemes of pricing transport infrastructure and services are also suggested, particularly in the light of liberalization of road haulage services and reorganization of Third Party Logistics. The requirements for restructuring large state-owned transport firms with significant managerial inefficiencies, such as the Hellenic Railways Organization (OSE) and the Athens Urban Transport Organization (OASA), are discussed. These requirements rely on business management criteria, in addition to social and development criteria, and the wide adoption of advanced information and communication technologies.