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No. 49. AGRICULTURAL TRADE BETWEEN GREECE AND SELECTED BALKAN COUNTRIES: COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE AND COMPETITIVENESS (in Greek)

Published in REPORTS

P. Paraskevaides.2006. | ISBN: 978-960-341-071-3

 

The aim of the work is the measurement and evaluation of the competitive capacity of the agricultural sector of Greece relative to five Balkan countries: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia, Serbia-Montenegro and Romania.


Given the economic developments in the rural economy of these countries and of Greece in the 1989-2001 period, the object of the research is the analysis of the gains for our country that result from the bilateral commercial relations with the five Balkan countries and the specializations in the total agricultural trade i.e. the inter-industry and the intra-industry specialization. The following are estimated: (a) the progress of the agricultural trade between Greece and five Balkan countries (b) the changes over time in the structure of the agricultural trade, (c) the mutual benefits from the agricultural trade and (d) the direction and the distribution of the gains from trade. The latter shows which country possesses competitive dynamism relative to the rest of the trading partner-countries.


The results of the measurements show that the dynamics of the agricultural trade flows between Greece and the five Balkan countries, with different inter-industry and intra-industry specialization of trade in each country, is advantageous for our country. To maintain and reinforce the competitive advantage of its agricultural sector relative to the Balkan neighbors’, Greece has to build on a constant basis so much its cost advantages as its supremacy, in the long run, with respect to the resources and the living and material potential of the enterprises exporting agricultural products.