No. 74. FREIGHT TRANSPORT AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL LOGISTICS HUBS IN GREECE (in Greek)

Published in REPORTS

Th. Tsekeris. 2016. | ISBN 978-960-341-115-4 

 

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This book investigates the national strategic goal to make Greece an international transit cargo hub. At the same time, it provides an analysis of the country’s possibilities to more efficiently utilize all the available means of transport, in order to maximize the diffusion of benefits arising from the attainment of this goal across the Greek regions. On the one side, the analysis demonstrates the impacts of economic crisis and the interregional inequalities in various performance measures of the Greek freight transport market per mode and commodity category. On the other side, it shows the prospects for export trade activity and several opportunities arising from investment actions and plans, such as those of COSCO on the basis of Piraeus port. The developments and the crucial role of combined transport are stressed, which can potentially reinforce the geopolitical and economic position and the openness of the country, as an import-export gateway of the European hinterland and a major transit and transhipment cargo hub in South-Eastern Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean.

 

Special emphasis is given on how Greece can adjust to the current conditions of international trade, logistics and global value chains and can take advantage of the reorganization of global shipping, container terminal and infrastructure supply markets. Among the prerequisites, a greater coordination among the various transport network systems is suggested, in conjunction with other activities, such as those of manufacturing, energy, and information and communication technologies. The completion of the south-north intermodal (road and rail) corridor between Patras-Athens-Thessaloniki up to the northern borders, as well as the intermodal Egnatia corridor linking the Greek-Turkish borders with the Ionian Sea, are considered of utmost importance for promoting the combined (mostly, sea-rail) transport operations and reducing interregional inequalities in the domestic and foreign market access.

 

An indispensable component of the domestic freight transport system must be a network of logistics parks or hubs (of national and/or regional extent), whose hierarchical structure, number, location and geographical impact area are specified here with use of advanced network analysis techniques. In addition, several structural/institutional reforms are proposed, including the integrated strategic planning and multilevel governance of transport networks and the creation of a national transport and logistics observatory for project-level monitoring and evaluation purposes, based on a set of spatial economic, environmental and social indices.

 

In order to fill the estimated funding gaps in the transport and logistics sector, attention should be given to innovative financing mechanisms and alternative European funds from such programs as ‘Connecting Europe’, the extension of public-private partnerships and the attraction of foreign investment by companies having an influence on global supply chains. Networking strategies and cooperation schemes between the domestic and foreign transport/logistics hub operators, the development of Greece as a regional energy transit hub and the establishment of special economic zones, such as free trade and export-processing zones, would foster the country’s hubness in the international freight transport and logistics networks. The proposed plans, in combination with the strengthening of the institutional framework for logistics activities, which would contribute considerably to the Greek economy in relation to macroeconomic variables such as GDP and the number of employees in the sectors of road, rail and maritime transport and logistics services are assessed.


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